Road Traffic International Agreements
A number of obstacles have been or are being overcome, such as the abolition of border controls, the conditions for the approval of vehicles and their components, and the reciprocal recognition and harmonisation of rules on driving licences. However, the fundamental aspects of road transport are not resolved: traffic rules and road signs and signals. general rules on priority at intersections, intersections and roundabouts and between vehicles; On the occasion of their 50th anniversary, the 1968 Vienna Conventions on Road Traffic and on Road Signs and Signals are more relevant than ever. Whether it is to meet the most critical road safety needs or to facilitate the development of automated driving functions, the reference to these legislative texts evolving with technological development is a necessity for countries around the world. Before any proposal is made, a cost-benefit study should be carried out, along the lines of studies already used for certain transport sectors and road safety initiatives (16); The EESC draws the attention of the Member States to the need for increasingly stringent cooperation and coordination measures in the areas of road regulations, accident prevention, first aid/damages, and that they must be taken in a timely manner. This agreement embodies the principles set out in the previous Convention, in line with developments in the automotive industry, and has revealed a growing concern about road safety. A gradual approach to the process of approximation of laws should be adopted, leading to possible Community harmonisation of transport legislation. This Convention, while simplifying customs procedures, did not exempt drivers from knowledge of and compliance with national road traffic legislation. Unece has a long history in promoting road safety.
In 1950, the UNECE established a working party on road accident prevention, which in 1988 established the current World Road Safety Forum (WP.1). The main task of the Global Forum and other related working groups within unece is to monitor United Nations legal instruments to improve road safety. These legal instruments, such as the 1949 and 1968 Conventions on Road Traffic, the 1968 Convention on Road Signs and Signals, the 1970 European Convention on the Work of International Road Transport Personnel (AETR), the 1958, 1997 and 1998 Conventions on “Vehicle Requirements” and the 1957 European Convention on the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, contribute to the establishment of a legal framework that addresses the main causes of road accidents such as driver behaviour, road infrastructure and vehicle safety. . . .