Turkish Libya Agreement
In August 2020, Egypt and Greece signed an agreement that designated an exclusive economic zone between the two countries. The announcement was made at a joint press conference with the foreign ministers of the two countries, during which inter in allia stated that the agreement provided for a partial delimitation of maritime borders between the two countries and that the remaining delimitation would be achieved through consultations.  The parliaments of both countries quickly ratified the agreement and in October 2020, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi signed the agreement, which was later published in the country`s Official Journal.  Turkey dismissed the agreement between Greece and Egypt as “null and void,” adding that Greece and Egypt had no common maritime border.  As stated by the Foreign Affairs Council of 9 December 2019 and the conclusions of the European Council of 12 and 13 December 2019, this agreement poses a threat to the stability of the region, in addition to violating the sovereign rights of third countries and violating the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea; Under the new agreement, Cyprus, Egypt, Greece and Israel will not be able to carry out exploration or future pipelines without first obtaining Turkey`s permission. Israel argues that the unilateral measure does not allow Ankara to prevent it from building a gas pipeline linking the Leviathan field to Cyprus and Crete, Greece and Europe. Even the EU, which is often critical of Israel, agrees. Last year, Turkey and the Tripoli-based Government of the National Agreement (GNA) reached a Memorandum of Understanding to demarcate their maritime borders. The agreement, which would allow them to claim large areas of the Mediterranean and potential energy resources, has been denounced by Greece, Cyprus and other nations. John McCarrick, assistant secretary of the U.S. Department of State`s Energy Resources Bureau, said in an interview on November 29 that the U.S. is committed to TurkStream and Nord Stream II pipeline projects that want to transfer natural gas from Russia to Turkey and Germany — via Turkey and the Baltic Sea. Turkey bought the Russian S-400 missile system after Washington allowed Greece, but not Turkey, access to Patriot missiles.
While Greece has Russian S-300 missiles in its stockpiles, it is surprising to many that Turkey, a NATO member, bought Russian missile systems. With a punishable approach against Turkey, the United States has agreed to lift a 32-year arms embargo against Southern Cyprus. U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo also said Turkey`s activities in gas drilling in the eastern Mediterranean were “unacceptable.” Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis has called on Washington to exercise authority to solve the problem. Meanwhile, the EU has supported illegal attempts in southern Cyprus to divide the region and drill through various companies and partners. Tensions rose when Greek Cypriot Head of State Nicos Anastasiades reported Turkey, which has begun drilling on the Cypriot island, to the United Nations, while the United States and the EU supported pipeline agreements between southern Cyprus and some European and Israeli countries against Turkey. Turkey, on the other hand, has chosen to follow its path and has drilled in the region under the protection of its naval forces, after receiving broad support from the EU and the United States.