Any land agreement is accompanied by a self-management agreement that gives First Nations the right to legislate in a number of areas. These agreements give First Nations the power to control and direct their own affairs and outline a First Nation`s ability to assume responsibility for providing programs or services to its citizens.  CSC concluded that the Yukon government could not unilaterally change the plan; it was only able to make minor or partial changes based on previous circumstances in response to developments. By circumventing the regional land use process, Yukon`s decision resulted in First Nations not exercising their rights under the final agreements. CSC found that Yukon`s conduct did not maintain the honour of the Crown. The final First Nation agreements include the actual legal agreements of the three parties, the federal government, the Yukon government and the First Nation. These agreements are protected by the Constitution and can only be amended with the agreement of all three parties. They are often referred to as “modern contracts.” The FNFA contains all the provisions of the framework agreement, adding “specific provisions” applicable to the First Nation. The final agreements reach habitat areas and address issues of economy, wildlife, land and resource management and other issues such as cultural heritage. The current process began in 1973 with the publication of Together Today For our Children Tomorrow by chef Elijah Smith. Negotiations took place in the late 1970s and early 1980s, culminating in an agreement that was ultimately rejected.
Peel Basin, rich in non-renewable natural resources, is part of the traditional territory of a number of Yukon First Nations. The Commission is a politically neutral body that was established in 2004 with appointments from both Yukon and First Nations. Their mandate is to develop a land use plan for the region in accordance with final agreements with First Nations in the region. The Commission was responsible for the development of a project and a recommended final plan, with a regulatory consultation procedure with First Nations. Yukon is authorized to approve, reject or amend the Commission`s recommendations. Before Yukon First Nations regained their autonomy, the federal government regulated how they could use their country. Prior to the agreement, Yukon First Nations claimed the country and Yukon resources as all under their ownership.  This was based on the traditional occupation and use of this land.
But all Yukon cases were controlled by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC).  INAC was responsible for implementing programs related to law, land reserves, health, social services and housing.