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Trading For Security Military Alliances And Economic Agreements

↵ #We to allow dependence on the g network, because as soon as we allow trade, economic judgments on prey will be a function of the network. S3 no country is encouraged to remove its alliances. The two results of the sentence`s existence reflect different mechanisms. The first part reflects that if countries are encouraged to maintain several trade relations, this can lead to a network of alliances, so that no country is vulnerable (even with the addition of new alliances). Stability then requires specific network structures (for example. B simply form cliques in which each ∗ allied country does not function, because then all partners of a country can attack and win the country). This part of the result affects countries` incentives to defend each other. The second result reflects the fact that with sufficient commercial profits, the potential spoils of a war against a trading partner is offset by the value of lost trade – and countries are therefore never attacked by one of their own allies. This is therefore a lack of incentives for a country to attack a trading partner, with a sufficient number of alliances stabilizing a wider range of networks. As a result, more clickable structures can be stable. Country i receives a payment or utility from the g network of ui (g) which gave the economic benefits of trade as a function of the g network. One obvious difference after world war was the presence of nuclear weapons, which led to dramatic changes in the technology of war. Although rarely used, nuclear weapons are changing technology. We stress, however, that their existence alone does not lead to stability: our model (if the attacked countries can be supported by their neighbours) allows totally arbitrary asymmetries in terms of military forces and offensive/defensive advantages.

There is no way for countries to combine with their nuclear forces and capabilities to create a stable, non-empty network. The only way to stabilize things would be for all countries to have them and for the empty network to form. This is clearly not the case. We conclude by listing a few additional directions for further research. On the one hand, trade and war have close links with geography (see p. B. ref. 42 and ref. 25, in which the authors note that 86% of the major international wars took place between neighbouring countries from 1945 to 1987). Because geography limits both the opportunities and benefits of trade and war, it has an ambiguous effect on stability. Nevertheless, it plays an important role in the declaration of commercial networks and alliances made and deserves more attention.

A second direction concerns the widening of the scope of the document. Although we have focused on intergovernmental warfare, in multi-party civil wars, similar forces are at work, as well as in other contexts where there may be multiple groups or groups with competing interests and opportunities for winning alliances (for example. B, companies of a sector with research co-operations or product links or political parties with a possible exchange of voices).

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