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The Imperial Nations Reached An Agreement To Have Equal Trade In

The evolution of the world order brought about by the war, in particular the growth of the United States and Japan as maritime powers and the rise of independence movements in India and Ireland, led to a complete reassessment of British imperial policy. [151] Forced to choose between alignment with the United States or Japan, Britain decided not to renew its Japanese alliance and signed the Washington Naval Treaty in 1922, where Britain accepted naval parity with the United States. [152] This decision sparked much discussion in the United Kingdom in the 1930s[153] when militarist governments in Germany and Japan were partially supported by the Great Depression, as there were fears that the empire would not survive a simultaneous attack by both nations. [154] The issue of the security of the empire was a serious problem in Britain, as it was crucial for the British economy. [155] Two years later, the Royal African Company was inaugurated, which obtained from King Charles a monopoly of trade to deliver slaves to the British colonies in the Caribbean. [49] From the beginning, slavery was the basis of the West Indies Empire. Until the abolition of its slave trade in 1807, Britain was responsible for transporting 3.5 million African slaves to America, a third of all slaves transported across the Atlantic. [50] To facilitate this trade, fortresses such as James Island, Accra and Bunce Island were established on the coasts of West Africa. In the British Caribbean, the proportion of the population of African origin increased from 25% in 1650 to about 80% in 1780 and from 10% to 40% in the southern colonies in the thirteen colonies during the same period. [51] For slave traders, the trade was extremely profitable and became an important economic pillar for Western British cities such as Bristol, Glasgow and Liverpool, which were the third corner of triangular trade with Africa and America. For transported, harsh and unsanitary conditions on Slavic ships and poor feeding meant the average mortality rate during the average crossing was one in seven. [52] In China, the term “unequal contract” was first used in the early 1920s.

[3] Dong Wang (栋), a professor of contemporary and contemporary Chinese history, said that “the term has been widespread for a long time, but it nevertheless has a clear and unequivocal meaning” and that there is no agreement on the actual number of contracts signed between China and other countries, which should be considered “unequal”. [3] Historian Immanuel Hsu said that the Chinese considered the treaties they signed with the Western powers and Russia to be unequal “because they were not negotiated by nations that treated themselves in the same way, but were imposed on China after a war, and because they encroached on China`s sovereign rights…

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