Comparison Study of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Religion
Abrahamic Faith consists of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. These religions have something in common such as the belief of Adam is the first man created and the ancestor of all human beings, Abraham as a prophet, and the Torat as a revelation of God. Nevertheless there are also some significance differences among them.
Judaism is a tribal religion that can only confessed by a Jew tribe. This religion could not be spread to Non Jew. That is why the number of its follower is only a few. Around 14 million people in the world. Meanwhile the Christianity and Islam are spreading to all people in the world and confessed by billions of people.
Judaism and Islam regard there is only one God. The Jews call the God as Yahweh which is third singular person means â€œHe who is.â€ Muslims call God as Allah which is singular form and genderless from ilah (God). In the Quran, chapter Al Ikhlas stated the unity of God:
Say: He is Allah, the One!
Allah, the eternally Besought of all!
He begetteth not nor was begotten.
And there is none comparable unto Him.
Actually in the Bible the Unity of God also stated in the Ten Commandments of God in Exodus 20:
20:1 And God spake all these words, saying, 2 I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me. [Exodus 20:1-3]
Though in Judaism and Islam the Monotheism of God is absolute including of Godâ€™s essence, in Christianity there is a doctrine named Trinity that says God exists as 3 persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit who are united in one substance or being. The trinity consists of 2 words: Three and Unity. Three is One and One is three.
This concept is contradicted to Al Quran in Chapter Al Ikhlas that says God has no Father or Son. The Bible says:
â€œThe God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which is blessed for evermore, knoweth that I lie not.â€[2 Corinthian 11:31]
â€œBlessed be God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfortâ€ [2 Corinthian 1:3]
The Bible verses above clearly said that God is the Father of Lord Jesus Christ. On the other hand, in Islam strictly stated the Oneness of God, that God is one, God has no Father or Son as follows:
â€œAnd say: Praise be to Allah, Who hath not taken unto Himself a son, and Who hath no partner in the Sovereignty,nor hath He any protecting friend through dependence. And magnify Him with all magnificence.â€ [Al Israaâ€™:111]
Allah has no Son or Partner:
â€œAllah hath not chosen any son, nor is there any God along with Him; else would each God have assuredly championed that which he created, and some of them would assuredly have overcome others. Glorified be Allah above all that they allege.â€ [Al Muâ€™minuun:91]
The Jews not only deny Jesus as a God or a prophet, but they also tried to kill Jesus as a pervert.
On the contrary, the Christians regard Jesus as a God:
â€œThe grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen.â€ [2 Corinthian 13:14]
Islam regards Jesus not as a God, but only a human being that became a messenger of God:
â€œAnd when Allah saith: O Jesus, son of Mary! Didst thou say my mother for two gods beside Allah? he saith: Be glorified to which I had no right. If I used to say it, then Thou my mind, and I know not what is in Thy mind. Lo! Thou, only Things Hidden.â€ [Al Maaâ€™idah:116]
According to Islam, Jesus only a prophet to call people to worship only one God as God order in the Ten Commandments:
â€œI spake unto them only that which Thou commandedst me, and your Lord. I was a witness of them while I dwelt tookest me Thou wast the Watcher over them. Thou artâ€ [Al Maaâ€™idah:117]
About Jesus Parent
As the Bible verses above, the Christianity regards Jesus as the Son of God:
â€œThe beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of Godâ€ [Mark 1:1]
â€œHe shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father Davidâ€ [Luke 1:32]
Nonetheless, on Matthew 1:16-18 said that Jesusâ€™ father is Joseph though Jesus was born from virgin Mary before Mary married to Joseph or having sex with him:
â€œ1:16 And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ. 17 So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations. 18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.â€ [Matthew 1:16-18]
Jesusâ€™ family tree at last follows Josephâ€™s instead of Maryâ€™s.
On another verse described Jesus as the son of David, the son of Abraham.
The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.â€ [Matthew 1:1]
Jesus the Son of Man:
â€œFor the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day.â€ [Matthew 12:8]
According to Islam Jesus is the Son of Mary. Not the Son of God or Joseph:
â€œThe Messiah, son of Mary, was no other than a messenger, whom had passed away before him. And his mother was a used to eat (earthly) food. See how we make the revelations they are turned away!â€ [Al Maaâ€™idah:75]
The Power of God
In the Bible, Genesis 32:25-28 said that Jacob fought with God from night until dawn. When God could not defeated Jacob, God touch the hollow of Jacobâ€™s thigh. God named Jacob as Israel because Jacob has fought God and men and Jacob prevailed:
â€œ32:24 And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day.25 And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob’s thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled with him.26 And he said, Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou bless me.
27 And he said unto him, What is thy name? And he said, Jacob.28 And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed.â€ [Genesis 32:24-28]
In the Gospel Matthew told how Jesus the God caught, spit, and beaten by men:
â€œ27:27 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers.28 And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe.29 And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews!
30 And they spit upon him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head.
31 And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him.â€ [Matthew 27:27-31]
In Islam God is the Most Powerful. He cannot be beaten by any man even if they are all join together against Him:
â€œIf He will, He can be rid of you and bring (instead of you). That is not a hard thing for Allah.â€ [Al Faathir: 16-17]
â€œThy Lord is the Absolute, the Lord of Mercy. If He will, He can remove you and can cause what He will to follow after you, even as He raised you from the seed of other folk.â€ [Al Anâ€™aam:133]
From the verses of Holy Book above, can you tell us which the Most Powerful God is?
The Independence of God
In Gospel Matthew said how Jesus complain and cry: â€œMy God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?â€
And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?â€ [Matthew 27:46]
Do you think such statement will come out from the Most Powerful God?
In the Al Quran said that God is not a weak man that needs help:
â€œAnd say: Praise be to Allah, Who hath not taken unto Himself a son, and Who hath no partner in the Sovereignty, nor hath He any protecting friend through dependence. And magnify Him with all magnificence.â€ [Al Israaâ€™:111]
Whom should we worship for? The weak and need help God or the Most Powerful God?
The Knowledge of God
In Gospel Mark 11:12-13 said that Jesus felt hungry and did not know if the Fig tree is fruitless because it is not its season.
11:12 And on the morrow, when they were come from Bethany, he was hungry:
13 And seeing a fig tree afar off having leaves, he came, if haply he might find any thing thereon: and when he came to it, he found nothing but leaves; for the time of figs was not yet.â€ [Mark 11:12-13]
In Islam God is All Knowing:
â€œAnd with Him are the keys of the invisible. None but He knoweth them. And He knoweth what is in the land and the sea. Not a leaf falleth but He knoweth it. Not a grain amid the darkness of the earth, naught of wet or dry but it is noted in a clear recordâ€œ [Al Anâ€™aam:59]
Is God Sleep?
In Matthew 8:24 said that Jesus was a sleep:
â€œAnd, behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the ship was covered with the waves: but he was asleep.â€ [Matthew 8:24]
According to Islam, God never feel weak such as sleepy or sleep:
Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtaketh Him. Unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedeth with Him save by His leave? He knoweth that which is in front of them and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will. His throne includeth the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.â€ [Al Baqarah:255]
Prohibition of Statue
In the Ten Commandments stated in Exodus 20:4-5 God forbid man to make any statue:
20:4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.
20:5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate meâ€ [Exodus 20:4-5]
However the Christians now make many statues of Jesus and Mary and put them on the churches.
In Islam making statues is forbidden. In Hadeeth Bukharee, Ummu Salamah and Ummu Habibah said there is a beautiful church in Habsyi (Mary Church) with some beautiful statues. Muhammad said â€œWhen their saint died, the Christians will build church on the grave. Then they make many statues in the church. They are the worst creatures before God in the day of judgementâ€
The Holy Book
Though the Jews Holy Book is quoted in Bible as the Old Testament, yet there are some significant differences between them. The Jews Holy Book mostly written in Hebrew and a few in Aramaic. On the other the Old Testament in Christianity the oldest one written in Greek with 7 additional books.
The New Testament consists of 27 books (including 4 gospels) and originally written in Greek between 50-150 AD (Jesus died arount 29 AD).
The gospel consists of 4 different versions originally written in Greek namely: Mark, Matthew, Luke, and John. The Gospels written around 70-100 AD about 40 years after the death of Jesus.
For example, Luke wrote Gospel for a man called Theophilus
1:1 For as much as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us, 2 Even as they delivered them unto us, which from the beginning were eyewitnesses, and ministers of the word; 3 It seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write unto thee in order, most excellent Theophilus, 4 That thou mightest know the certainty of those things, wherein thou hast been instructed.â€ [Luke 1:1-4]
Luke sometime only guesses such as Jesus about thirty years of age and use the word â€œAs was supposedâ€.
â€œAnd Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heliâ€ [Luke 3:23]
Though Jesus language is Aramaic, but the New Testament original language at least the oldest version is all in Greek.
If in Luke 3:23 Jesusâ€™ grand fatherâ€™s name is Heli, in Matthew 1:16 Jesusâ€™ grand father is Jacob:
â€œAnd Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christâ€ [Matthew 1:16]
On the other hand, there is only one version of the Al Quran which is memorized by millions of Muslims and still in its original language: Arab, the language of Muhammad.
â€œLo! We revealed it (Al Quran) on the Night of Powerâ€ [Al Qadr:1]
Al Quran revealed by Allah to Muhammad. And Muhammad passed it on his followers. Some of the followers memorized Al Quran, some wrote it down on several media (leaves, bones, leather, etc). Abu Bakar, Muhammadâ€™s friend, gather the Al Quran to be one. And Usman, another Muhammadâ€™s friend, then compiled the Quran into one book called Mushaf Usmani with punctuation mark so the spelling complies with the Arabic language standard.
The Circumcision Obligation for Men
In Judaism and Islam, Circumcision is an obligation for men. It is complied with Bible:
17:10 This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised. 11 And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you. 12 And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed.
13 He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.
14 And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my covenantâ€ [Genesis 17:10-14]
The uncircumcised man is regarded as unclean in Isaiah 52:1:
â€œAwake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city: for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the uncleanâ€ [Isaiah 52:1]
However though God said in Genesis 17:13 that circumcision is an everlasting covenant, the Christians no longer doing the obligation because Paul who claimed become apostle after Jesus died (when Jesus alive Paul is Jesus enemy) said that circumcision is no longer an obligation:
2:25 For circumcision verily profiteth, if thou keep the law: but if thou be a breaker of the law, thy circumcision is made uncircumcision. 26 Therefore if the uncircumcision keep the righteousness of the law, shall not his uncircumcision be counted for circumcision? 27 And shall not uncircumcision which is by nature, if it fulfil the law, judge thee, who by the letter and circumcision dost transgress the law?
2:28 For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh: 29 But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God.
3:1 What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision?â€ [Romans 2:25-29 â€“ 3:1]
The Prohibition of Eating Swine
In Judaism and Islam, eating swine is strictly forbidden. It is complied with Leviticus 11:7-8 and Deuteronomy 14:8:
11:7 And the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be cloven-footed, yet he cheweth not the cud; he is unclean to you. 8 Of their flesh shall ye not eat, and their carcass shall ye not touch; they are unclean to you.â€ [Leviticus 11:7-8]
In the Al Quran the prohibition stated:
â€œHe hath forbidden you only carrion, and blood, and swine flesh, and that which hath been immolated to (the name of) any other than Allah. But he who is driven by necessity, neither craving nor transgressing, it is no sin for him. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.â€ [Al Baqarah:173]
Nevertheless Swine Flesh is a common food among the Christians now.
In the Christianity known the Original Sin Doctrine. All human race are sinners because of Adam committed sin by eating forbidden fruit. That is why Jesus sent down as the saviour to redeem the original sin.
In Exodus 20:5 God said that He will punish the children, the third and fourth generation for the iniquity of their fathers:
â€œThou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;â€ [Exodus 20:5]
In Islam every one will only responsible for their own sin. No one can be punished because of other people sin:
â€œSay: Shall I seek another than Allah for Lord, when He is Lord of all things? Each soul earneth only on its own account, nor doth any laden bear another’s load. Then unto your Lord is your return and He will tell you that wherein ye differed.â€ [Al Anâ€™aam:164]
Slander on Lot
In the Bible, Genesis 19:30-38 said that Lot had drink wine and committed sexual intercourse with his own daughters (incest) and had children (or grandchildren?) from them:
19:30 And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain, and his two daughters with him; for he feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters.
31 And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father is old, and there is not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the earth:32 Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.
33 And they made their father drink wine that night: and the firstborn went in, and lay with her father; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose.
34 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the firstborn said unto the younger, Behold, I lay yesternight with my father: let us make him drink wine this night also; and go thou in, and lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.
35 And they made their father drink wine that night also: and the younger arose, and lay with him; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose.
36 Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by their father.
37 And the first born bare a son, and called his name Moab: the same is the father of the Moabites unto this day.
38 And the younger, she also bare a son, and called his name Benammi: the same is the father of the children of Ammon unto this day.â€ [Genesis 19:30-38]
In Islam stated that Lot is really a prophet and clean from such a sin such as drinking liquor or doing incest:
â€œAnd lo! Lot verily was of those sent (to warn)â€ [Ash Shaafaat:133]
In the Quran stated that God has raised Lotâ€™s degree over people. If common people will not commit adultery with their own daughter, then a prophet such as Lot will not such a thing:
â€œAnd Ishmael and Elisha and Jonah and Lot. Each one of them did We prefer above (Our) creaturesâ€ [Al Anâ€™aam:86]
Slander on David
In Bible, 2 Samuel 11:2-17 said that David (who in Matthew 1:1 described as Jesusâ€™ father) committed adultery with Uriahâ€™s wife, Bathsheba. After that, David ordered Joab to send Uriah to the front line of a battle and then deserted him so Uriah get killed by the enemy:
11:2 And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king’s house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon.
3 And David sent and inquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?
4 And David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he lay with her; for she was purified from her uncleanness: and she returned unto her house.â€ [2 Samuel 11:2-4]
In 2 Samuel 13:11-14 also stated that the son of David, Amnon raped his own sister, Tamar:
13:11 And when she had brought them unto him to eat, he took hold of her, and said unto her, Come lie with me, my sister.
12 And she answered him, Nay, my brother, do not force me; for no such thing ought to be done in Israel: do not thou this folly.
13 And I, whither shall I cause my shame to go? and as for thee, thou shalt be as one of the fools in Israel. Now therefore, I pray thee, speak unto the king; for he will not withhold me from thee.
14 Howbeit he would not hearken unto her voice: but, being stronger than she, forced her, and lay with her.â€ [2 Samuel 13:11-14]
In the Al Quran, the Slander over David is denied:
â€œThose of the children of Israel who went astray were cursed by the tongue of David, and of Jesus, son of Mary. That was because they rebelled and used to transgress.â€ [Al Maa-idah:78]
Prohibition of Adultery / Sex Story
In the story of Adultery or prohibition of Adultery, the Bible described it very detailed:
23:1 The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying,2 Son of man, there were two women, the daughters of one mother:3 And they committed whoredoms in Egypt; they committed whoredoms in their youth: there were their breasts pressed, and there they bruised the teats of their virginity.
4 And the names of them were Aholah the elder, and Aholibah her sister: and they were mine, and they bare sons and daughters. Thus were their names; Samaria is Aholah, and Jerusalem Aholibah.
5 And Aholah played the harlot when she was mine; and she doted on her lovers, on the Assyrians her neighbours, 6 Which were clothed with blue, captains and rulers, all of them desirable young men, horsemen riding upon horses.
7 Thus she committed her whoredoms with them, with all them that were the chosen men of Assyria, and with all on whom she doted: with all their idols she defiled herself.
8 Neither left she her whoredoms brought from Egypt: for in her youth they lay with her, and they bruised the breasts of her virginity, and poured their whoredom upon her. 9 Wherefore I have delivered her into the hand of her lovers, into the hand of the Assyrians, upon whom she doted.
0 These discovered her nakedness: they took her sons and her daughters, and slew her with the sword: and she became famous among women; for they had executed judgment upon her.
11 And when her sister Aholibah saw this, she was more corrupt in her inordinate love than she, and in her whoredoms more than her sister in her whoredoms.
12 She doted upon the Assyrians her neighbours, captains and rulers clothed most gorgeously, horsemen riding upon horses, all of them desirable young men.
13 Then I saw that she was defiled, that they took both one way,
14 And that she increased her whoredoms: for when she saw men pourtrayed upon the wall, the images of the Chaldeans pourtrayed with vermilion,15 Girded with girdles upon their loins, exceeding in dyed attire upon their heads, all of them princes to look to, after the manner of the Babylonians of Chaldea, the land of their nativity:16 And as soon as she saw them with her eyes, she doted upon them, and sent messengers unto them into Chaldea.
17 And the Babylonians came to her into the bed of love, and they defiled her with their whoredom, and she was polluted with them, and her mind was alienated from them.
18 So she discovered her whoredoms, and discovered her nakedness: then my mind was alienated from her, like as my mind was alienated from her sister.
19 Yet she multiplied her whoredoms, in calling to remembrance the days of her youth, wherein she had played the harlot in the land of Egypt.
20 For she doted upon their paramours, whose flesh is as the flesh of asses, and whose issue is like the issue of horses.
21 Thus thou calledst to remembrance the lewdness of thy youth, in bruising thy teats by the Egyptians for the paps of thy youth.â€ [Ezekiel 23:1-21]
In Song of Solomon 7:1-8 the sexual desire described like this:
7:1 How beautiful are thy feet with shoes, O prince’s daughter! the joints of thy thighs are like jewels, the work of the hands of a cunning workman.
2 Thy navel is like a round goblet, which wanteth not liquor: thy belly is like an heap of wheat set about with lilies.
3 Thy two breasts are like two young roes that are twins.
4 Thy neck is as a tower of ivory; thine eyes like the fishpools in Heshbon, by the gate of Bathrabbim: thy nose is as the tower of Lebanon which looketh toward Damascus.
5 Thine head upon thee is like Carmel, and the hair of thine head like purple; the king is held in the galleries.
6 How fair and how pleasant art thou, O love, for delights!
7 This thy stature is like to a palm tree, and thy breasts to clusters of grapes.
8 I said, I will go up to the palm tree, I will take hold of the boughs thereof: now also thy breasts shall be as clusters of the vine, and the smell of thy nose like applesâ€ [Song of Solomon 7:1-8]
In the Al Quran the prohibition of Adultery described in a gentle way so it do not arouse sexual desire of its readers. The readers will not have desire to have sex with his wife or close friend or masturbate after reading the holy book:
â€œAnd come not near unto adultery. Lo! it is an abomination and an evil way. â€œ [Al Israaâ€™:32]
Even the permission of having sex in the month of fasting described in a very decent way:
â€œIt is made lawful for you to go unto your wives on the night of the fast. They are raiment for you and ye are raiment for them.â€ [Al Baqarah:187]
That is the Holy Book of Al Quran!
In the Old Testament, Exodus 21:11-22:19 stated the Retaliation Law, namely death sentence for killer, an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth:
â€œHe that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death.â€ [Exodus 21:12]
â€œ21:24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,25 Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.â€ [Exodus 21:24-25]
But on the New Testament the Retaliation Law is eliminated and the Christians no longer follow the rule.
In the Al Quran the Retaliation Law restored:
â€œO ye who believe! Retaliation is prescribed for you in the matter of the murdered; the freeman for the freeman, and the slave for the slave, and the female for the female…â€ [Al Baqarah:178]
The Retaliation Law applied so people will think twice before they kill others. If they kill other people then they will be sentenced to death so they could no longer kill innocent people again in the future By this way the world will be safer for innocent people (but not for the killers):
â€œAnd there is life for you in retaliation, O men of understanding, that ye may ward off (evil).â€ [Al Baqarah:179]
Evil or Serpent who Cheated Adam and Eve?
In Genesis 3:1-19 said that Serpent is the most clever among animals and could talk so it could cheat human: Adam and Eve:
3:1 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
2 And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden:3 But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.
4 And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:5 For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.
6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.â€ [Genesis 3:1-6]
3:13 And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.
14 And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy lifeâ€ [Genesis 3:13-14]
In the Quran said that the cheater of Adam and Eve is Satan. Not animal like serpent:
â€œBut Satan caused them to deflect therefrom and expelled them from the (happy) state in which they were; and We said: Fall down, one of you a foe unto the other! There shall be for you on earth a habitation and provision for a tune.â€ [Al Baqarah:36]
If in the Christianity Adam and Eve remain as sinners and passed their sin to their descendants as original sin, in Islam after they regretted and asked Godâ€™s forgiveness, God forgive them. There is no original sin to pass to their descendants.
â€œThen Adam received from his Lord words (of revelation), and He relented toward him. Lo! He is the Relenting the Merciful.â€ [Al Baqarah:37]
The Jews regard themselves as the Chosen People while the Christians believe there is no salvation for those who donâ€™t believe Jesus as a God so they send many evangelists/missionaries all over the world to make people become Christians. Islam said only Islam the religion that God loves:
â€œLo! religion with Allah is The Surrender to His will and guidance (Islam). Those who (formerly) received the Scripture differed only after knowledge came unto them, through transgression among themselves. Whoso disbelieveth the revelations of Allah (will find that) Lo! Allah is swift at reckoning.â€ [Ali â€˜Imran:19]
â€œAnd whoso seeketh as religion other than the Surrender to Allah (Islam) it will not be accepted from him, and he will be a loser in the Hereafter.â€ [Ali â€˜Imran:85]
Those are some differences in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Though there are many more differences, yet Muslims are recommended to have a good social relationship with them as long they are not hostile or insulting Muslims or Islam.
Though there is no compulsion in religion, yet Islam forbids Muslims to mix their religions with others. Your religion is for you and our religion is for us. That is the Islamic teaching.